Types of Insulin

 

There are many types of insulin. All insulins help sugar to get inside the cell, but they are not all the same. Each type may be different in how fast it takes to start working. Each type may be different in howfast it takes to start working, how long it takes to control blood sugar, and how long it lasts in the body. These differences are important to know when learning about insulin so you will use your insulin in the right way.

•  Onset: the length of time after injection that insulin begins to work

•  Peak: the length of time after injection that the insulin takes to reach its maximum effect

•  Duration: the length of time that the insulin continues to work inside the body

Three major drug companies manufacture insulin in the United States. These are Sanofi-aventis, Eli Lilly, and Novo Nordisk.

Types of insulin available in the United States

Generic Name

Brand Name

Form

Manufacturer

Clear or Cloudy

Rapid-acting

insulin glulisine

Apidra

analog

sanofi-aventis

Clear

insulin lispro

Humalog

analog

Eli Lilly

Clear

Insulin aspart

Novolog

analog

Novo Nordisk

Clear

Short-acting

regular

Humulin R*

human

Eli Lilly

Clear

regular

Novolin R

human

Novo Nordisk

Clear

Intermediate-acting

NPH

Humulin N

human

Eli Lilly

Cloudy

NPH

Novolin N

human

Novo Nordisk

Cloudy

Long-acting

insulin glargine

Lantus

analog

sanofi-aventis

Clear

insulin glargine

Levemir

analog

Novo Nordisk

Clear

Mixtures

75% insulin lispro Protamine and 25% insulin lispro

Humalog Mix 75/25

analog

Eli Lilly

Cloudy

50% lispro protamine and 25% insulin lispro

Humalog Mix 50/50

analog

Eli-Lilly

Cloudy

70% NPH/30% regular

Humulin 70/30

human

Eli Lilly

Cloudy

70% aspart protamine/30%insulin aspart

Novolog mix 70/30

analog

Novo Nordisk

Cloudy

70% NPH/30% regular

Novolin

human

Novo Nordisk

cloudy

*All insulins in this chart come in a standard concentration of 100 units/mL (U-100) except Humulin R which is supplied in both 100 units/mL (U-100) and 500 units/mL (U-500)

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