What can go wrong?

 

Sometimes your blood sugar may get too low or too high.

Low blood sugar can be very dangerous.

To prevent dangerous low blood sugar, here are some important tips:

  • Check your blood sugar often.  Talk to your doctor about how often and what time of day to create your own schedule.
  • Watch out for clues
    • Low blood sugar clues include: irritability, shaky hands, being tired, confusion, headache, heart racing, sweating, pale skin, feeling nervous, cold hands and feet, mood swings, crying spells, depression.
    • Usually, blood sugar is too low if less than 70 (mg/dL).
  • Make sure friends and family also know the clues for low blood sugar. When your blood sugar gets too low, you may be too confused to remember what to do.  It's important that friends and family know when you need help fixing low blood sugar.

 PICTURE OF SYMPTOMS OF LOW BLOOD SUGAR

 If your blood sugar is less than 70 (mg/dL), OR if you have clues of low blood sugar (see above), take action!

TAKE ACTION:

  • Drink a glass of orange juice.
  • Drink a glass of regular soft drink or soda (NOT DIET soda).
  • Eat jelly or jam (NOT SUGAR-FREE jelly)
  • Eat candy (NOT SUGAR-FREE candy)
  • Eat 3 sugar pills.

 

High Blood Sugar

High blood sugar can be very dangerous also. It may take a long time for you to notice the bad effects of high blood sugar, or you may start to feel sick right away.

EFFECTS OF HIGH BLOOD SUGAR:

  • Emergency: If not treated with diet, exercise, and medicine, high blood sugar can lead to "diabetic coma" and death.
  • Long-Term Disability: If not treated with diet, exercise, and medicine, high blood sugar can lead to heart disease, kidney disease, worsening vision, blindness, loss of feeling in hands and feet, impaired healing of cuts and wounds, tingling and damaged nerves, change in bowel movements and constipation. 

To prevent dangerous high blood sugar, here are some important tips:

  • Check your blood sugar often. Talk to your doctor about how often and what time of day to create your own schedule.
  • Watch out for clues.
    • HIgh blood sugar clues include:
      • Drowsy, sleepy, tired
      • Flushed skin
      • Fruit-like breath odor
      • Frequent urination
      • Dry mouth, Dry skin
      • Loss of appetite, Stomach Ache, Nausea, Vomiting
      • Trouble breathing (rapid and deep)
      • Increased blood sugar level
      • Usually, blood sugar is too high if greater than ______ (mg/dL).
  • Make sure friends and family also know the clues for high blood sugar. When your blood sugar gets too high, you may be too confused to remember what to do.  It's important that friends and family know when you need help fixing high blood sugar.

If your blood sugar is greater than ______ (mg/dL), OR if you have clues of high blood sugar (see above), take action!

TAKE ACTION:

  • Call your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Develop an action plan for high blood sugar. This includes knowing how much extra insulin to take based on the blood sugar number.

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