The package labeling for topical fluorouracil (Carac, Efudex, Tolak) has been updated to warn people about accidental exposure to pets. Fluorouracil is a medicine used to treat certain skin conditions (e.g., actinic or solar keratosis, basal cell cancer). It is available as a cream that is applied directly to the skin. The medicine is extremely toxic to dogs and cats if the pet licks the owner’s skin where the medicine was applied or chews the fluorouracil container. Even small amounts of fluorouracil can be fatal to dogs and cats. However, many healthcare providers do not know this so they don’t warn pet owners to take precautions when using this medicine. As noted in a March/April 2021 Safety Tip, ISMP was originally contacted by a concerned veterinarian about fatal exposures to pets. We brought the issue to the attention of regulatory agencies including the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA is now requiring topical fluorouracil companies to revise the information on the package label and in the package insert to warn about accidental pet exposures. For example, Bausch Health has updated the Efudex solution and cream packaging to state that the product may be fatal if a pet licks or ingests fluorouracil (Figure 1). The label warns to avoid allowing pets to come in contact with the tube or the owner’s skin once the medicine is applied. In addition, store and dispose of the medicine securely and out of the reach of pets. Prescribers who order topical fluorouracil and pharmacists who dispense these products should warn against exposing pets to the medicine.
Out of the corner of your eye, you catch your toddler drinking from his older broter's bottle of liquid medicine. You quickly call the National Poison Control Hotline.* But when they ask you how much your child took, you frantically realize that you don't really know.
Medications for children are frequently ordered by the "dropperful". There are several problems with these orders. First there is too much room for misinterpretation of what might constitute a dropperful. One individual might consider it to be a dropper filled to the upper calibration mark.
A medicine commonly used to treat depression, sertraline (Zoloft), is available as a tablet or a concentrated oral liquid. The oral liquid form is very potent and must first be diluted in a specific beverage to make it easier to swallow. However, many healthcare providers and consumers are unfamiliar with the need to dilute this medicine before use.